更新时间:2020-01-09 12:23:54   浏览次数:136
[摘要] 编者按:2018年2月20日,R&A发布世界差点系统若干特点说明,原文如下:World Handicap System features announced 世界差点系统若干特点发布2018年2月20日The way golfers around the world will calculate their handicaps is set to be transformed by a new s



World Handicap System features announced 



The way golfers around the world will calculate their handicaps is set to be transformed by a new system developed by The R&A and the USGA, with key features designed to provide all golfers with a consistent measure of playing ability。


The new World Handicap System, to be implemented in 2020, follows an extensive review of systems administered by six existing handicapping authorities: Golf Australia, the Council of National Golf Unions (CONGU) in Great Britain and Ireland, the European Golf Association (EGA), the South African Golf Association (SAGA), the Argentine Golf Association (AAG) and the USGA。

全新的世界高尔夫差点系统将在2020年正式公布生效,在公布生效之前,澳大利亚高尔夫协会(Golf Australia)、全国高尔夫联盟委员会(CONGU,Council of National Golf Unions)、欧洲高尔夫协会(EGA,European Golf Association)、南非高尔夫协会(SAGA,South African Golf Association)、阿根廷高尔夫协会(AAG,Argentine Golf Association)以及美国高尔夫协会(USGA)将对新的差点系统进行全面、深度的审核。

Features of the World Handicap System


1、Flexibility in formats of play, allowing both competitive and recreational rounds to count for handicap purposes and ensuring a golfer’s handicap is more reflective of potential ability。 


2、A recommendation that the number of scores needed to obtain a new handicap be 54 holes from any combination of 18-hole and 9-hole rounds, but with some discretion available for handicapping authorities or National Associations to set a different minimum within their own jurisdiction。


3、A consistent handicap that is portable from course to course and country to country through worldwide use of the USGA Course and Slope Rating System, already successfully used in more than 80 countries。


4、An average-based calculation of a handicap, taken from the best eight out of the last 20 scores and factoring in memory of previous demonstrated ability for better responsiveness and control。 


5、A calculation that considers the impact that abnormal course and weather conditions might have on a player’s performance each day。   


6、Daily handicap revisions, taking account of the course and weather conditions calculation。 


7、A limit of Net Double Bogey on the maximum hole score (for handicapping purposes only)。  


8、A maximum handicap limit of 54.0, regardless of gender, to encourage more golfers to measure and track their performance to increase their enjoyment of the game。 


Worldwide stakeholder engagement


Quantitative research was conducted in 15 countries around the world, through which 76 percent of the 52,000 respondents voiced their support for a World Handicap System, 22 percent were willing to consider its benefits, and only 2 percent were opposed。 This was followed by a series of focus groups, in which more than 300 golf administrators and golfers from different regions around the world offered extensive feedback on the features of the proposed new system。


This feedback has helped shape the WHS, which has been developed by The R&A and the USGA with support from each handicapping authority as well as the Japan Golf Association and Golf Canada。


A modern and more accessible sport


Martin Slumbers, Chief Executive of The R&A, said, “We are working with our partners and National Associations to make golf more modern, more accessible and more enjoyable as a sport and the new World Handicap System represents a huge opportunity in this regard。


“We want to make it more attractive to golfers to obtain a handicap and strip away some of the complexity and variation which can be off-putting for newcomers。 Having a handicap, which is easier to understand and is truly portable around the world, can make golf much more enjoyable and is one of the unique selling points of our sport。”


Mike Davis, CEO of the USGA, commented, “For some time, we’ve heard golfers say ‘I’m not good enough to have a handicap,” or ‘I don’t play enough to have a handicap。’ We want to make the right decisions now to encourage a more welcoming and social game。 We’re excited to be taking another important step – along with modernising Golf’s Rules – to provide a pathway into the sport, making golf easier to understand and more approachable and enjoyable for everyone to play。”

美国高尔夫球协会执行总监迈克-戴维斯(Mike Davis)说:“我们不时会听到一些球手说‘我不够优秀,无法拥有差点’或者‘我打的场次不够多,无法拥有差点’。现在我们希望鼓励高尔夫成为一项更受欢迎、更具社交性的运动。值得高兴的是,我们在促进高尔夫规则简化的同时又迈出了重要的一步,那就是为更多的人参与高尔夫运动提供途径,让这项运动更容易理解,更接地气,让每个参与其中的人更能享受它的乐趣。”

Objectives of golf’s World Handicap System


The tenets of the new system focus on three main objectives: to encourage as many golfers as possible to obtain and maintain a handicap; to enable golfers of differing abilities, genders and nationalities to transport their handicap to any course globally and compete on a fair and equitable basis; and to indicate with sufficient accuracy the score a golfer is reasonably capable of achieving on any course around the world, playing under normal conditions。


Given worldwide alignment towards a single system, all parties will now embark on a two-year transition period targeting implementation in 2020。  When adopted, the World Handicap System will be governed by The R&A and the USGA and administered locally by the six existing authorities and National Associations around the world, with safeguards included to ensure consistency as well as adaptability to differing golf cultures。

鉴于制订的是全球统一的高尔夫差点系统,各方将从今年开启为期两年的系统过渡期,目标于2020年正式实施。届时,世界差点系统将由R&A 和USGA共同主管,并由世界六大差点机构与各国家高尔夫球协会分别运营,以确保系统运营顺利。

The six handicapping authorities represent approximately 15 million golfers in 80 countries who currently maintain a golf handicap。   




The announcement is the latest step in a multi-year collaboration between The R&A and the USGA, handicap authorities and national and regional golf associations around the world to introduce one set of Rules for handicapping, aimed to support modernising, growing and supporting accessibility of the sport。